Due to what exists and what the Japanese mafia? What is the source of
income of the Yakuza? In this article we will discuss these and other issues
related to the main activities by organized crime in Japan.
Comparing the activity boryokudan with their foreign counterparts, we
can see that the whole forms and means the same. Many yakuza is perceived as
something exotic, extravagant, not without a share of romanticism. But if you
ignore the grafted memorable movies such as cutting off parts of the phalanx, tattoos,
ritual suicide, and the commitment of bushido - the samurai code of honor, we
find the clan system, loyalty and total submission to the senior junior in rank
within the gang.
Compared to organized crime in other countries, in which the composition
and structure, methods and activities are covered by the mafia relative
mystery, yakuza membership has the most "legal" mafia system. And the
authorities and the public aware of the location of the headquarters of the
yakuza, which often can even see the arms of this or that group. Some members
of the yakuza are worn on jackets badges with the logo of his clan. And the
media as far as possible make a kind of advertising yakuza, regularly reporting
on various events in the clans and lighting for birthdays, weddings or
According to various sources in Japan from two to two and a half
thousand criminal groups that make up a complex system of organization of the
yakuza. Some groups are constantly engaged in the redistribution of spheres of
influence, using, including the methods of force against one another. Other
cooperate, benefiting from its alliances. Real income of the yakuza are
calculated astronomical figures, but the exact number no one really knows,
because the profit from the informal sector of the economy can not be
determined. And the drug business in a number of sources of income Yakuza is
one of the first places.
It is ironic, but the original distributor of drugs in Japan in the
first half of the twentieth century were not yakuza, and the state. The
militarists came to power, immediately drew attention to the powerful drugs.
Widespread among the soldiers and working the night shift civilians received
stimulant Philoponus, enhances vision in the dark, but addictive. After Japan's defeat
in World War II, more people are taking this medication, to fling away the
reality of devastation, the lack of essential goods. As a result, this has led
to the fact that the government was forced to adopt a law significantly
restricting the use of drugs. Narcotic drugs are now illegal, and the majority
of laboratories, manufacturing potent substances were closed or placed under
strict state control. Since then, the Yakuza began to control even already
substantially limited, but nevertheless, bringing some benefit market for
In the sixties began a period of hard drugs, such as, for example,
heroin. Heroin business is growing, but the Olympic Games in Tokyo in 1964. served as the government
embarked on a serious drug traffickers, virtually destroying heroin
distribution networks in Japan,
as well as isolating many yakuza from society by putting them in places not so
remote. Yakuza ties with foreign suppliers of heroin were lost.
All these troubles have not affected beliefs mafia involved in such profitable
as drug trafficking. Subsequently, the manufacturing base has been moved to South Korea, where there have been many illegal
laboratories producing amphetamines and then methamphetamine, which were the
prime stimulants, which they traded yakuza until the mid-eighties, when at the
intergovernmental level between South Korea
have taken steps joint anti-drug mafia. That, however, did not affect the
activities of the yakuza in this area, so the production was moved to Taiwan, which to this day is one of the largest
suppliers of drugs in Japan.
In recent years, experts say the ever increasing rise in heroin,
cocaine, hallucinogens, marijuana, and other drugs. Each year, thousands of
police identify cases of sale and consumption of drugs. However, this drop in
the ocean, which is not surprising when the number of police today. Japan is currently experiencing a turning point
when it can decide - whether the country will continue to follow the path of
drugs or can radically change the situation and not to repeat the bitter
experience of the United
States and some European countries.
What unites the yakuza organized crime in other countries? This coverage
of all the shadow areas of the economy, state and society. Japanese mafia
controls the illicit arms trade, racketeering, gambling, prostitution,
counterfeiting of currency, securities, and credit cards, speculation in real
estate, influences policy at the municipal, so at the parliamentary level. One
of the modern features not only the yakuza, but organized crime in other
countries, is becoming increasingly integrated in a semi-legal, and even in the
Yakuza gets a percentage of the small business owners, owners of
restaurants and cafes. Why go under the criminal article, doing open robbery or
theft, if you can do more clever and put their activities on almost legitimate
rails? For example, doing road "set up" or feigning injuries
allegedly received in an automobile accident.
Also there are specific methods of the Yakuza. Sokayya - extortionists
who are present at the annual meetings of the various commercial firms. The
fact that every Japanese person has the right to buy shares of a company. And
even per share, which is already giving the right to attend the annual meetings
of shareholders. Yakuza use this opportunity as follows: having come to the
meeting, they make it a scandal, exposing the whole and the whole of the
executive team, criticizing the decision of the management, etc. Thus they
obstruct the meeting and adoption of the financial statements. Such fights are
making disruption to the business and lead to significant financial costs as
well as the meeting has to constantly move. Therefore, the management companies
often goes to an agreement with sokayya by paying them fairly decent amount for
their silence, and sometimes voice support for the yakuza, who can easily argue
with any criticism.
Toritateya - professionals who are committed to knock out debts from
defaulters. That is, on behalf of the creditors, they become unofficial police
officers who can apply some sanctions against the debtor to recover the
Sayre - a kind of "intellectual" racket, where the company by
threatening the victim, conviction and cunning schemes lead to financial
bankruptcy. And after that, Sayre skims the cream from the sale of property of
the bankrupt company.
Tiageya (Dziageya) - people who are engaged in speculation in the
purchase and sale of land.
Yakuza firmly penetrated on the stock markets of the country. Through
thousands of front companies, the Mafia has been speculation securities. In
addition, the yakuza also trades in shares of national companies, as is often
the largest investors of some companies, the management of which is has no idea
who their true shareholders.
Despite the fact that the yakuza still engaged in illegal activity, we
can not say that the mobsters are the outcasts of society. Rather, it is
believed that the activities of the yakuza - it's a kind of business, if not
always legal. Regarding the "legal" status Yakuza allows the state to
some extent, to control them. Let the authorities sometimes cover their eyes to
what the yakuza, but because it is holding back the yakuza spontaneous
unorganized crime, making Japan
the safest country in the world.